< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m"> < id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m"> < id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">
歡迎光臨廣州市美鑫園林景觀工程有限公司官方網站!

廣州市美鑫園林景觀工程有限公司

怡居美景,綠苑用心

聯系人:姜先生
手機:13416180287
聯系人:王先生
手機:18924326606
電話:020-32190731
郵箱:GZmeixinyuanlin@163.com
地址:廣州市增城區新塘鎮歐美國際大廈7008-7009室
公司動態
園林中經常使用的山石有哪些

來源:http://www.chla.com.cn 時間:2020-06-06 10:41:42 次數:


1、孤賞石

常選古樸秀麗、形神兼備的湖石、斧劈石、石筍石等置于庭園主要位置中,供人觀賞。這些孤賞石除了本身具有瘦、透、漏、皺、丑的觀賞價值,又因歷年流傳,具有人文價值,往往成為園林中的一景。"艮岳移來石岌峨,千秋遺跡感懷多",如上海豫園的"玉玲瓏",蘇州的"瑞云峰",杭州的"縐云峰"和北京的"青芝岫"。相傳"玉玲瓏"是《水滸》中花石綱的孑遺,因"以爐香置石底,孔孔煙出,以一盂水灌石頂,孔孔泉流"而著稱。"青芝岫。原宋書法家米之章所有,現石上刻有乾隆御制七言詩。當然,也有借助于孤石而于上樹碑成景的,如河南洛陽牡丹園中日本藤野先生的紀念碑。日本的枯山石,則是著重于布局的群體效果,與我國的孤賞石有所不同。

2、峭壁石

明計成在《園冶》中"峭壁山者,靠壁理也,藉以粉墻為紙,以石為繪也。"常用英石、湖石、斧劈石等配以植物、浮雕、流水。于庭院粉墻、賓館大廳布置,成為一幅少占地方熠熠生輝的山水畫。

3、散點石

以黃石、湖石、英石、千層石、斧劈石、石筍石、花崗石等,三三二二、三五成群,散置于路旁、林下、山麓、臺階邊緣、建筑物角隅,配合地形,植以花木有時成為自然的幾凳,有時成為盆栽的底座,有時又成為局部高差、材質變化的過渡,是一種非常自然的點綴和提示,這是山石在園林中較為廣泛的應用。

4、駁岸石

常用黃石、湖石、千層石,或沿水面,或沿高差變化山麓堆疊,高高低低錯落,前前后后變化,起駁岸作用,也作擋土墻,同時使之自然、美觀。

5、石山洞穴

以黃石、湖石、露頭石等堆疊成獨立或傍土半獨立的山石,俗稱"石抱土"。一般高三、五米,高者可達數十米,并常在山腳設計花壇、池塘、水簾、洞壑。如上海龍華公園的紅巖,上海植物園的大假山。這是一般人心目中的"假山",經常在單位綠地中出現,但不宜推廣。

6、山石瀑布

以園林地形為依據,堆放黃石、湖石、花崗石、千層石,引水由上而下,形成瀑布跌水。這種做法俗稱"土包石",是目前常見的做法。如過去上海長風公園、虹口公園,人民公園、虹橋公園及共青森林公園。



国产免费av在线观看_国产免费av片在线观看_国产片av在线观看国语
< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m"> < id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m"> < id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">< id="b1z1m">